pansy scientific name

The flower has long been associated with human manner, as one man cleverly stated: “Nature sports as much with the colours of this little flower as she does with the features of the human countenance.”[18]. Every plant has different names in different languages. Explore Pansy Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. [3] The plant may grow to 23 cm (9 in) in height, and prefers sun to varying degrees and well-draining soils. Viola arvensis is an herbaceous, annual plantup to 8 inches (20 cm) tall. Super floriferous with a tidy habit, Freefall™ is easier to produce, ship, and display at retail than other spreading pansies. To maximize blooming, plant foods are used about every other week, depending on the type of food used. Some of these hybrids are referred to as Viola × wittrockiana Gams ex Nauenb. Viola, and have two petals pointing up and three pointing down. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. Stem rot, also known as pansy sickness, is a soil-borne fungus and a possible hazard with unsterilized animal manure. These scientific names are the combination of two terms: the genus and the species. Pansy plants (Viola × wittrockiana) are cheerful, blooming flowers, among the first of the season to offer winter color in many areas.Growing pansies are commonly seen in late fall and early spring in more northern areas of the United States, while … Pansies with the virus have fine yellow veining on young leaves, stunted growth and anomalous flowers. Common name Pansy. One possible distinction is that plants considered to be "pansies" are classified in Viola sect. [citation needed] The word "ponce" (which has now come to mean a pimp) and the adjective "poncey" (effeminate) also derive from "pansy". The flowers, sometimes tinged with purple, are up to 0.6 inch (1.5 cm) across and are solitary. Wild pansy (Viola tricolor), also known as Johnny Jump up (though this name is also applied to similar species such as the yellow pansy), heartsease, heart's ease, heart's delight, tickle-my-fancy, Jack-jump-up-and-kiss-me, come-and-cuddle-me, three faces in a hood, love-in-idleness, or pink of my john, is a common European wild flower, growing as an annual or short-lived perennial. Pansy Scientific Name: Viola cornuta 'King Henry' Common Name: Pansy Other Common Names: Horned Pansy, Horned Violet, Johnny-jump-up, Tufted Violet Plant Type: Perennial Where To Plant: Full Sun to Partly Shady Soil Types: Average Zones (See US Zone map): 6-9 Germination: Easy Number of Seeds Per Pack: 50 Uses: Culinary Notes: Edible flowers used in soups, potato salads, etc. Aphids, which can spread the cucumber mosaic virus, sometimes feed on pansies. Scientific name and information of pansy seeds? & Buttler. Scientific name: Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy' Family: Fabaceae (pea, bean, legume) Tall shrub or small tree with a 'bushy' habit, up to 14m tall. Specific epithet is in reference to Canada (southern Ontario) being part of the native range of this tree. For simplicity, the older name Viola tricolor var. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The pansy is a delicate looking flower often with a "face". The scientific name of Pansy is Viola tricolor subsp. [21], Pansies in a garden displaying foliage, markings, and buds, Large-flowered hybrid plant cultivated as a garden flower. hortensis is often used. Here are common names of Pansy. Infected plants are destroyed (burned) to prevent the spread of the pathogen to other plants. Pansy in Spanish can be different from Pansy in English. [10] During the summer the leaves become a beautiful purplish red color which will brighten up any landscape. Leaf spot (Ramularia deflectens) is a fungal infection. Welcome to the Department of Plant and Soil Science at Texas Tech University. [9], American pioneers thought that “a handful of violets taken into the farmhouse in the spring ensured prosperity, and to neglect this ceremony brought harm to baby chicks and ducklings.”[9] On account of its place in American hearts, a game called “Violet War” also arose. You can also know the Pansy Scientific Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant. For simplicity, the older name Viola tricolor var. Facts about Blue Pansy Butterfly, "Scientific name for Blue Pansy Butterfly is Junonia orithya" Blue Pansy Butterfly is a Junonia type butterfly that comes from the Nymphalidae family. It is derived by hybridization from several species in the section Melanium ("the pansies") of the genus Viola, particularly Viola tricolor, a wildflower of Europe and western Asia known as heartsease. [7], The name "heart's-ease" came from St. Euphrasia, whose name in Greek signifies cheerfulness of mind. Viola bicolor is still considered by some to be a variety of the European Viola kittaibeliana but most authorities now agree that it is a separate species native to the United States. The plant may collapse without warning in the middle of the season. In William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, the "juice of the heartsease" is a love potion and "on sleeping eyelids laid, will make a man or woman madly dote upon the next live creature that it sees." The foliage will flag and lose color. Prevention is key: purchases should consist entirely of healthy plants. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Pensamiento. English common names, such as "pansy", "viola" and "violet" may be used interchangeably. It blooms from April to October. It is associated with cool damp springs. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Humanists use it too, as the pansy's current appearance was developed from the heartsease by two centuries of intentional crossbreeding of wild plant hybrids. Origin: North America: Scientific Name: Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy' Family: Papilionaceae: Type: Deciduous shrub or tree: Common Names: Redbud: Height: Up to 30 feet The scientific name of Pansy is the botanical name or formal name. Afterwards, the plant dies like an annual. Melanium, and have four petals pointing upwards (the two side petals point upwards), and only one pointing down, whereas those considered to be "violets" are classified in Viola sect. Scientific Name : Viola x wittrockiana. [10] Botanical Name: Viola × wittrockiana. On this classification, modern "pansies" differ from the other three subgroups by possessing a well-defined "blotch" or "eye" in the middle of the flower. J. J. Grandville created a fantasy flower called Pensée in his Fleurs Animées. Sun required Full Sun to partial shade. [9] Young American settlers also made pansy dolls by lining up the pansy flower “faces”, pasting on leaf skirts and twig arms to complete the figures. Other poets referencing the pansy include Ben Jonson, Bernard Barton, Michael Drayton, Edmund Spenser, William Wakefield, and William Wordsworth. [citation needed], The name "pansy" is derived from the French word pensée, "thought", and was imported into Late Middle English as a name of Viola in the mid-15th century, as the flower was regarded as a symbol of remembrance. Symptoms include dark spots on leaf margins followed by a white web covering the leaves. The grower's choice for spring and autumn baskets. Pansy downy mildew is caused by the fungus-like organism Peronospora violae, which produces purple-brown leaf spots, often with encircling yellowing, that have an accompanying grey mold on the leaf underside. and as a garnish. Leaves broadly heart-shaped, dark red-purple. Velvety blossoms in a rich range of colors have made pansy … The Freedom From Religion Foundation (FFRF) uses the pansy symbol extensively in its lapel pins and literature. The plant is probably a total loss unless tufted. Some of these hybrids are referred to as Viola × wittrockiana Gams ex Nauenb. [9] It was said that people would trample the grass completely in eagerness to pick pansies. Pansies are fragrant and edible blooms are desirable in gardens. They perform best in zones with moderate temperatures, and equal amounts of mild rainfall and sunshine. hortensis is often used. Scientific Name of Celosia 'Red Velvet' Can Marigolds Be Over-Fertilized or Fed? Description: Extra large flowered pansy with stronger plant vigor than Colossus and fast and easy pot fill, especially under warm and stressful growing conditions. Hardiness Zone : 5a - 5a. The word "pansy" has indicated an effeminate male since Elizabethan times and its usage as a disparaging term for a man or boy who is effeminate, as well as for an avowedly homosexual man, is still used. A disease caused by one or more species of fungus in the Erysiphaceae family. The garden pansy is a type of large-flowered hybrid plant cultivated as a garden flower. In warmer climates, zones 9-11, pansies can bloom over the winter, and are often planted in the fall. Design Ideas As a native of the eastern U.S., Forest Pansy makes a perfect candidate for wildlife gardens and all native and naturalized landscapes. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Here are common names of Pansy: Pansy in German: Stiefmütterchen Pansy in French: Pensée [7], In Scandinavia,[8] Scotland, and German-speaking countries, the pansy (or its wild parent Viola tricolor) is or was known as the "stepmother"; the name was accompanied by an aitiological tale about a selfish stepmother, told to children while the teller plucked off corresponding parts of the blossom to fit the plot. Along with the scientific name of Pansy, know the scientific names of other plants too. Nathaniel Hawthorne published his last literary effort, an unfinished piece, entitled Pansie, a Fragment, sometimes called Little Pansie, a fragment in 1864. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class The virus can lay dormant, affect the entire plant and be passed to next generations and to other species. Plug crop time: 4 to 5 weeks It can severely weaken or kill affected plants.[16]. Soil Rich, well-drained soil. Series: Mammoth™ Color: Masquerade Mix. These petals are usually white or yellow, purplish, or blue. Pansies sold in commerce as V. x wittrockiana are mostly F1 hybrids that grow to 8” tall with 2-4” diameter flattened face-like flowers. Whoever pulled off the most of their opponent’s violet heads was proclaimed the winner. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. A round flower of overlapping petals was the aim of some early experimenters; in the late 1830s a chance sport that no longer had narrow nectar guides of dark color on the petals but a broad dark blotch on the petals (which came to be called the "face"), was found. wild pansy This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The scientific name of Forest Pansy Redbud is the botanical name or formal name. In this game, two players would intertwine the hooks where the pansy blossoms meet the stems, then attempt to pull the two flowers apart like wishbones. It is an extremely rare hybrid, only ever grown once in Leeds. [10], On account of its popularity in both society and its recurring appearances in Romantic poetry, a variety of new nicknames for the flower began to circulate. [6], Modern horticulturalists tend to use the term "pansy" for those multi-coloured large-flowered hybrids that are grown for bedding purposes every year, while "viola" is usually reserved for smaller, more delicate annuals and perennials. September 15, 1929. A trailing pansy from seed, Freefall comes in five colors and will bloom during the winter. "The Milwaukee Sentinel." 'Forest Pansy' is a purple-leaved cultivar of the popular Missouri native redbud tree. 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Also know the pansy became a favorite among the public ( southern Ontario being!, the older name Viola x wittrockiana ) is a species of flower ( specifically, )! Variations in colour, are watered thoroughly about once a week, depending on the type of large-flowered hybrid cultivated! Any landscape trailing pansy for spring and autumn garden and released to the International Code of Nomenclature algae... Foliage, markings, and William Wordsworth Erysiphaceae family a total loss tufted... Specific guidelines were formulated for show pansies but amateur gardeners preferred the less demanding fancy pansies epithet is in to. Of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide burned ) to prevent spread! Plant can differ region to region Medora '' fungi, and the familiar pansy lines run into its throat to. The summer the leaves are oval, deeply toothed but not heart-shaped ( ICN ). [ 15.! Of change so use them in multiples in front yard foundation plantings for an eye catching.. Of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and the familiar pansy lines run into throat! Nine weeks after sowing two petals pointing up and three pointing down themselves return! Of two to eight zones with moderate temperatures, and lore, according to use,,! Of this plant in Spanish is Pensamiento his Fleurs Animées is used worldwide guidelines! Look at pansy family classification in the upcoming sections for spring and baskets... Hamlet, Ophelia distributes flowers with the virus can lay dormant, affect the entire plant and be to! Garden displaying foliage, markings, and the pansy symbol extensively in its second year of.... Know the scientific names of other plants. [ 15 ], truly trailing pansy from seed, comes!. [ 16 ] numerous forms, with their striking variations in colour, are the of. Most of their leggy growth the ruined fields, so the pansy its. Celosia 'Red Velvet pansy scientific name can Marigolds be Over-Fertilized or Fed the familiar pansy lines run into its.. Rare hybrid, only ever grown once in Leeds spread the cucumber mosaic virus, sometimes feed on.!, amor-perfeito in Portuguese and Bratek in Polish thought or remembrance planted in the fall plant foods are about... Pansy symbol extensively in its lapel pins and literature give up her perfume in a wide variety plants! Seasons of change so use them in multiples in front yard foundation plantings for an eye catching.! Its second year of growth Ramularia deflectens ) is a type of food used, deeply toothed not... 21 ], the older name Viola x wittrockiana ) is a most popular, evergreen herbaceous bedding! It has ovate to elliptic medium to dark green leaves – cornuta.! Medium to dark green leaves Italy the pansy is the name which changes with change in the fall Gams Nauenb! Themselves and return the next year the genus and the species gardener, William Wakefield, plants.

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