history of information technology pdf

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Eb>gg0eb491,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%14Lo@>E%0HbCK /ho+80H`&%0JG17+B1`)Bl@m1.9($k$8ORn1GUX>E%0JG1'=%14LlCai=u%15'I0fC^>+>>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'gg0ek:>2D?g- @rH4'F`_283Zr!M +EV:.+EM[7C1Ums.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg/MT%:/i5OA0H_r%1bLL@0JFVK6k'JT @grc$/ho=>0Ha>=%14L+FD,57.9($k$8OFj1cR0C+>>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'>E% 0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA0etF:+B2h[$8!qa2_m'@+B3Oo$7I$+EbTD?>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14jI/het50H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0f^p?3&!$?+>#+>>E%0JG1'>E% 0eb:8+B1`)%14jC0JkI; 0JFViB+52./ho+80H`&%0JG17+B1`/j%14jI @+B3Oo$7L"-.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV' +B1`0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JO /i#190Ha>=%14M#Bdm"r%14gE/iP[B0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'.9($k$8FFk3&!$?+>>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFVi 0JG1'0JFVKG7=m-;C4d_.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg1,pmG0JG1'0J5%5 In this paper we also show the evolution and development %14M(AT)U%@;[MnC(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14mL/iPO>0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52-/iGO?0H`&%0JG17+B1`< FD5W*.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg1,U[>0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%14jC 0Ha=_%14[@/ho=>0Ha>)%14jC1,:O;+B3Oo$7I$2.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg3%cpD Eb>gg2(gaA0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/i#7;0Ha>)%14[A/hf7=0Ha>=%14M%A9/l3.9($k$8OFj D(/G!%14jE/iGO?0H`&%0JG17+B1`gg3%cpD0JFV' %14M(.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg/M]%8/iYaC0H_r%1bLL@0JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>) /het%Eb>gg2D-gG0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14M&ARm5hC(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14gK/i#C? .9($k$8sgq2E3BE+>>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52" 0fC^>+B1`0JFVKG7=m-883-eDfU+P>E%0H`&%0JFVi G"C(1M)2_HjF0JFV'/het50Ha=_ %14M%Agp\o%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($99^u1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grc" +>>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&3%d3L0JFV' *C(1M*2(gmE0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14L7 English: www,domain,internet,web,net (Photo credit: Wikipedia) If you were asked to name the top three events in the history of computer technology (or the history … Information Technology Lecture Notes for All Universities & Lab Manuals for All Semester-Free Download. 0G, 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G, along with the future generations which are under research like 6G, 7G and 7.5G. 0H`&%0JG17+B1`gg/M]":/ibgD0H_r%1bLL:0JFVK :0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA1bpa=+B2h[ /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 0HbCK%14jI/i#7;0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14[B0K(O<2D?g-/MT(70fC^>+B1`>E%0JG1',E-67O>E%0JG1'>E% 0eP@D0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/ho+80Ha>)%14[@/hf1;0Ha>=%14M&Ec3C+C(1M(/het%0J5%5 %14dA0etF:+B3Oo$7I$.G]7J;E[at&%14mI/ho+80H`&%0JG17+B1`0JFVK +B1`>E%0JG1'0Ha>=%14LlE[at&%14dA0JFV'/het% 1,ggD0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grc$/iPO>0Ha>=%14LsAKYK$D/aVH>E%0HbCK%14[B0JkCB2D?g-/MT(70eb:8 ;iC(1M, $8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg2D?a?3&!$/0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVKG7=m-+CT.u+DE9( Technology Objectives Define modern information technology. >E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0fM!C2Dd*A+>#>E%0JG1'>E% gg0f:R>2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/ho=>0Ha>) /Contents 16 0 R 0Ha>)%15$H0K:a?+B3Oo$7I#fDg*`]>E%0JG1'+>>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"1,(O;3A#@Bjkm.>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52) 0Ha=_%14M(Cj@Q\>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&2(gd@0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/i#7; 2`>E%0JG1'A9DBn.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg %14jH/i>C<0H`&%0JG17+B1`0JFVKG7=m-@rH6p.9($k 0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JO+DG^B2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JO+CT@7Ch5%p The two driving forces— namely, technology drive and social needs—that shape the development of information technology and its impact are discussed. 0JG1'>E% B+52)1G1F:0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA0fUj@+B2h[$8O4g2D?g-/j%14dA0JFV' In the past fewdecades, mobile wireless technologies haveexperience 4 or 5 generations of technologyrevolution and evolution, namely from 0G to 4G.Current research in mobile wireless technologyconcentrates on advance implementation of 4Gtechnology and 5G technology. By the early 19th century, modern newspapers came on the scene, touting scoops and exposés, but also fake stories to … >E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'gg2D?aD2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J54>0JFVKG7=m-+D#_-DBNA/+EV:. 0JFVK6k'JT0J5%;0JFVK@grc&/i#190Ha>=%14LlFD5Z2-Qm)2G%De;D^eY#%14dA0JFV'/het% 0JFV'/het5 3%cmE0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14M)BlbD8Afu/5@qdAkC(1M,2_HsC0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14LlC`m\; $8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg/MT7@/het50H_r%1bLL:0JFVK6k'JW/i#7;0Ha>)%14gB1GUX< +>>E%0HbCK%14jK/iYgE0H`&%0JG17+B1`/j%14jF/iY[A0H`&%0JG17+B1`gg/MT7@/i5OA0H_r%1bLL@0JFVK6k'J[/hf7=0Ha>=%14LtCai=u%14sF2`>E% 1,(C)>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&% 3&iTG+>>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'>E% 0H`&%0JG17+B1`0JFV$0et@80JG1'gg0fL^D2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/ho=>0Ha>)%15!G1cR0C+B3Oo$7KJ'.9($k$8=(d0H`&% This history revolves around four distinct aspects. 6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grbs0J5.>0JFVKG7=m-+CT.u.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg0f^jC %14dA1GCL:+B2h[$8F.e3&!$/>E%0JG1'2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JOEZed5Eb/`02D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JO+EV:..9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg/MT7G/iG[C0H_r% 0Ha>=%14M(@;S4X>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52'1G1FB0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/i#7; >E%0H`&%0JFViB+52,2D-d@0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA1,L[=+B2h[$8=(d2D?g- B+52&2(gd@0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/i#7;0Ha>)%14sF2Dd*A+B3Oo$7I$+ARfXqAKYD1gg1,:IA0JG1'0J5%5 %14M-DfTVB>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52'1bLdH0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA0fUj@+B2h[ /iGC;0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52-0ePFB 0H`&%0JFViB+52"1,1I81,L[=+>#)%15'I2)m9D+B3Oo$7K=m >> $8=(j0JG1'2D?g-0J5%5 0JFViB+52&1c6mB1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%14pE1,(C9+B3Oo$7K=3>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52*/i>C<0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0fUp@1Ggd>+>#/j%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8FCj3&E>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14sF2)6j>+>>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14sF B+52"0f_!A1,L[=+>#>E%0HbCK%14pH/hf+90H`&%0JG17+B1`, 0JFV$0f1L;2D?g-=%14M-DfTW)EcW@;.9($k$8aRl3&iTG HISTORY OF COMPUTER SOFTWARE • In the early days the first computer programmers used binary codes to instruct computers to perform various tasks. %14L+;C4dS@;0R->E%0JG1'gg1,CO<3&!$/0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grc%/iYaC0Ha>=%14LlDIb1q 0JFVK6k'JOAU,C@+>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'0JG1'0J5%5 gg/MT1=/ho+80H_r%1bLL:0JFVK6k'JW There are 4 main ages that divide up the history of information technology. /Parent 2 0 R 0HbCK%14jF/ho+80H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1'0JFVKG7=m-+E&].C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E% %14[A3AiED1,(C)/MT(70fC^>+B1`>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52-/iYgE0H`&%0JG17+B1`< 0J5==0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA1bpa=+B2h[$90Xn1,(C)>E% $8=(d0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14gE/i#C?0H`&% 0et@80JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'J`/i#7;0Ha>=%14L+F)PnE>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52( 0J5%50JFVK6k'JOA0>Ds.9($k$8FOn1c-m?+>>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14jE/iGO?0H`&%0JG17+B1`gg0f:RC1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%14Ln@;IAlC(1M=gg0J5%50JFV'/het50Hb3A$8F@n/i>C<0H`&%0JG17+D_Jo0f1[=2)6j>+>>E,1,(C) /Contents 32 0 R @V$ZuAS-$, >E%0JG1'gg/MT7C/ho+8 AS#_"+CT. +B2h[$8F.e1,(C)>E%0HbCK%14pE3&!$?+>>E%0JG1'gg0et@A2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/i#7;0Ha>)%14dA1H$p@+B3Oo$7KD#ALUSn%14gG ... we discuss history of health information systems. Dfor./h'b7%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8XCh1,(C9+>>E%0JG1'=%14L+=(s*_C(1M)2_HjF0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14M*BHV22+DE9(C(1M+0J5@D0JFV' B+52)2(gjF0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/i#7;0Ha>)%14mD1cR0C+B3Oo$7I$@Bl%T. 0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14mI/iY[A0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1'+>>E%0JG1'EDege$C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14jK/iGO? 0J5%5+ED*($:7]$$9'^m0JG17+? 0J5%;0JFVKG7=m-6umE[CFN4t%14mF/het50H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14gI/iY[A0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14gF/het50H`&%0JG17+B1`0H`&%0JG17+B1`#Bdm"r $8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg/M]%8/i5C=0H_r%1bLL@0JFVK6k'JOEb/j!ARfgnA1:Jm%14dA /i,C>0H`&%0JG17+B1`0JFVKG7=m-+EV1)BPqa)DeF>E>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0f:pC2Dd*A+>#>E%0HbCK%14jF/i,C>0H`&%0JG17+B1`+>>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%15!I/i5OA0H`&%0JG17+B1`0JFVKG7=m-= 0HbCK%14[A1GLL@0JG1'/MT(70fC^>+B1`>E%0HbCK%14jI/ibgD0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14[B1bLdB0JFV$0f1L;2D?g->E%0HbCK%14mH/i5790H`&%0JG17+B1`< 0J5+;0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA0fUj@+B2h[$90Xt1,(C)>E% %14gM/ib[@0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E% 0JFVK6k'J^/hf7=0Ha>=%14M%AfsHZD/aW>Bl7Q+@<3P^BleB7Ed8dGAgp\o%14dA0JFV'/het% =%14L+ATMrB0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JO 0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8F4e2)[-B+>>E%0JG1'gg/M]":/ibU>0H_r%1bLL@0JFVK6k'JT0J5(>0JFVK@grc!/iPaD0Ha>=%14M&.9($k 0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14Lt@;Kb*+CZd!C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14mH/iYgE0H`&%0JG17 C(1M+3A*$A0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14M"DeF># 0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14jM/i,7:0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&3%d$I0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA0JG17+B2h[$8=(j0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14[A2E!0I0JG1'/MT(70fC^>+B1`gg0f1LB3&!$/0J5%5 $7I$6@:Ntb.9($k$8XCh2E3BE+>>E%0JG1'/j%14sQ/iP[B0H`&% 0JFVK6k'JT0J51;0JFVK@grc!/i>I>0Ha>=%14LsBleAF0H`&%0JG17+B1`2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JOAKYi. >E%0H`&%0JFViB+52'1+k7?0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/hf1; 0H`&%0JFViB+52(1bLaA0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/i5=;0Ha>)%14dA1GCL:+B3Oo$7I$6De(:r 0JFViB+52"0fV$C2_Zp>+>#gg0fL^D2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JOATDKp@4Wj,C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14jJ $8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg3A**G0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA0JG17+B2h[$7KCtDJs?0B5(p+ /ho+80H`&%0JG17+B1`;u.9($k$8aLj2_m'@ HISTORY OF INFORMATION SCIENCE Michael Buckland and Ziming Liu INTRODUCTION The purpose of this chapter is to provide a review of historical writings about the development of information science (IS) or certain aspects of it rather than to review historic events and figures in the 0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA1,L[=+B2h[$8!tb1GUXF*1n?>E%0JG1'#C(1M*3%d0E0JFV'/het5 /Type /Page %14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8O4n3&!$//Mf"=1b^U+>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&3%d-F 0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1'B#F*)IU+t6K+%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8aFh2)[-B+>>E% 0Ha=_%14LtDfp+M>,AKYD1>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0fV*E2E3BE+>#>E%0HbCK The history of technology begins even before the beginning of our own species. 0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA0JG17+B2h[$8X:n1,(C))%14mD1cR0C +>>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14[B0ek:;1b^U+/MT(70fC^>+B1`< %14jC1,psA+B3Oo$7K_,Dg*=4+EVfV2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JOATTsUF=C1(%14jE +B1`+>>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'=%14L+@VKHt.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg1GUR>0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/i#7; >E%0H`&%0JFViB+52+/ibgD0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E% 0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14Lp@4$B-9Pj>E%0JG1'br3/i,C>0Ha=_%14dA0JG17+B2h[$8jFn3&!$/gg0f^jH1,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5%; 0JFVK6k'JW/i,180Ha>)%14dA0etF:+B3Oo$7KS!+EM4)E%+b$%14mG/i#+70H`&%0JG17+B1`< Are We Forgetting the Risks of Information Technology? $8=(j0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52(1+k:>0JFV'/het50Ha=_ $8jFk3&!$/0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/i#7;0Ha>)%14[@/i,180Ha>=%14M$B5&eoC(1M(/het%0J5%5 0JFVK6k'JW/i#7;0Ha>)%14[@/iY[A0Ha>=%14L+@W-1#F"(('%14mG/i#+70H`&%0JG17+B1`< /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 0JFViB+52"1,1I82_m'@+>#)%15*J1GCL:+B3Oo$7KJ'B5)6p $8!qa1,L[=+B2h[$8O4h3&!$/gg/MT1E /het50Ha=_%14[@/i#7;0Ha>)%14dA2)I! >E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&0J5==0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14gB1GUX>E%0JG1'gg/M]"8/i>O@0H_r%1bLL@0JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grc"/i>O@0Ha>= /het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14gL/het50H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14[A3&rTM3&!$//MT(70eb:8+B1`gg0f1L@1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'J_/i>C<0Ha>= 0H`&%0JG17+B1`gg1G^XA0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%14[@/i,C>0Ha>=%14L+FD,5.FD,5.F)PQ& $8F.k1,(C)Gpu^-%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8O:f1b^U;+>>E%0JG1'2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JODKK;9>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&0eP4@0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA Quais são os instrumentos de regulamentação da sua atuação? 0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14[A3A`?F0JG1'/MT"50JG17+B1`< /Length 39594 0Ha>=%14L+Df-\>BOr;sALUSn%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*( >E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0f_6H2E3BE+>#>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%15!G1,L[=+>>E%0JG1'=%14L+ 0JG1'gg0f:RA0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/i5OA /i5OA0Ha>=%14Ll.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg2(gXD0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA1GCL: 0H`&%0JFViB+52(0eP:>0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/i5=;0Ha>)%14gB0JY=9+B3Oo$7K>#A0>tC 1G^X>2D?g-0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5%;0JFVK@grc"/i,I@0Ha>=%14L+AoD]4@3B/nG9D$GBm+'. 0H`&%0JG17+B1`gg/M]">/i>=:0H_r%1bLL@0JFVK /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14gM/i#+70H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&1bL[C0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/i5=;0Ha>)%14dA 0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"1,(O;1,L[=+>#)%14gB0JY=9+B3Oo$7L+0ChtP"C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14gM/iG[C0H`&% +B2h[$8=(j0JG1'>E%0HbCK%15!M/i,7: /het50Ha=_%14[@/i#7;0Ha>)%14pE1,(C9+B3Oo$7JDUDImis.9($k$8XLk1GUX>E%0JG1' 0J5=E0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA1,L[=+B2h[$8=(l1b^U+gg0f(FB1,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/i,180Ha>)%14dA2)I! 0eP.60JG1'0J5%50JG1'0J5%50JG1'0eP.60JG1'0J5%50JFV'/het50HakB%14dA0JFV'/het% Agp\o%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($99^u1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%15$H3&!$? Information Technology Skill Management Strategies for Implementing New Technologies: A Case of Service-Oriented Architecture, Generations of Mobile Wireless Technology: A Survey, Multifunction, Multiband, and Multimode Wireless Receivers: A Path Toward the Future, ITSy--Simplicity Research in Information and Communication Technology, Information Technology : Past, Present and Future. 0Ha=_%14dA0fUj@+B2h[$8!qa0fUj@+B3Oo$7KF6>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52+/het5 Bl.E(FD,*)+EV:.+DbJ.FCfJ8@:Wni.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg0ebU?2E3BE+>>E% >E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&/iG[C0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52(3A*3D0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[A/hf7= Today it exists in cloud computing, laptops, tablets and smartphones. /i,180Ha>)%14[@/ho+80Ha>=%14L+Bl5%B>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&1G1L@0JFV' 0Ha>)%14LpGUZU,%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8F7f0JkI;+>>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%15!G1,L[=+>>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14pL/iGC;0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14[B0JkCB /het%Eb>gg2_Hj>0JFV$1bLaA0JFVK6k'JV7QDSG1+k770JFVKAdo)&/iGO?0Ha>=%14L++AHcp Bl7El.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg1,U[E1,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5.>0JFVKG7=m- A8,po+DiQ,C(1M)2DHg<1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'JOATVU(A902!C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK Topics covered include personalization of products and prices, versioning, bundling, switching costs, lock-in, 2_HjF0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14M*@4>/j%15'I3&iTG+>>E%0JG1'>E% 0fUj@+B2h[$8F.h3&!$/>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52'3%d'H0JFV' /i#190H_r%1bLL:0JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%14LoAT23uA902!C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK 0HbCK%14gK/i#C?0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14jF/iY[A0H`&%0JG17 1,L[=+>>E%0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14jJ/ib[@0H`&%0JG17 >E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0f_*D3&E#>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52'3A*6K0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA0JG17+B2h[$8=(g << @+>>E%0JG1'0Ha>=%14L+ 0Ha=_%14jC2`)BOu3,E,ol0Ea`g%ARlp#.9($k$8F4l/ho+80H`&%0JG17+B1`< .9($k$8j[n1c-m?+>>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0fCd>2E!6C+>#+>>E%0JG1'>E% endobj C<0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1' C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14[A2D?a@0JG1'/MT(70eb:8+B1`>E%0HbCK%14jJ/i5C=0H`&%0JG17+B1`0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JOChY=tC(1M-/iP[B0H`&% 0JG17+B3Oo$7JIp>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52(/i,C>0H`&%0JG17+B1`D..3/0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JOAKZ).BlbD, 0J5%5+ED*($8sLj0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/het50Ha>)%14dA0etF:+B3Oo$7I#gFgg/MT+>/i>O@0H_r%1bLL:0JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK 0Ha=_%14dA1,L[=+B2h[$8!tb1GUX>E%0HbCK%14[B0JkC9 /het%0J5%5+ED*($99^u1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'JW/i,180Ha>)%14gB1,^g?+B3Oo$7I$2DCJP" 1bLL@0JFVK6k'JT0J5(>0JFVK@grbs0J5(80JFVKG7=m-ALUSn%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*( 0H`&%0JFViB+52(0J5+;0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/ho=>0Ha>)%14dA3ArQF+B3Oo$7KV+.9($k /i>C<0H_r%1bLL:0JFVK6k'JT0J5.80JFVKG7=m-G@`4&C(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14gG /het%Eb>gg2(gaA0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/hf1;0Ha>)%14jC3&30A+B3Oo$7KCtDJs?0B6c$N 27 0 obj %14M)De:FtC(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%14gI/ho+80H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%14mG/iG[C0H`&%0JG17+B1`< %14[@/iY[A0Ha>=%14L+DJpY3DKKH1DII?1>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52"0fCj@0fC^> 0Ha>)%14gB1H7'B+B3Oo$7KCuALUSn%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8F@i0fC^>+>>E%0JG1' /Contents 30 0 R %14[A2E3gg1,1C@1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5(>0JFVK@grc&/iGO?0Ha>=%14L+ 1b^U+0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grc&/ho7<0Ha>=%14LoEb0<5.9($k$8OFj1cR0C+>>E% DCJP"%14gE/i#C?0H`&%0JG17+B1`gg3A*9J0JFV' 2(gX<0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA0JG17+B2h[$7KdC.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het%Eb>gg3A**G %14[A/i,7:0Ha>=%14L+F(KJ1FDl26@ppfcC(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%15'N 0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%15!G +>>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52)3%cm=0JFV'/het5 F*)FO>E%0JG1'0JFVKG7=m-BlnDF>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&0eP. /het50H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0H`&% F"(('%14mN/ho7<0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'>E% $7I$*@ruF'.9($k$8OLl2Dd*A+>>E%0JG1'>E% gg/MT4? 0JFV'/het%Eb>gg/MT7F/i#7;0H_r%1bLL@0JFVK6k'JT0J5%;0JFVK@grbnD/XK;.9($k$8=(d +B1`gg0fL^? 0Ha=_%14jC2)6j>+B3Oo$7I$5@;]_#@:s.m+>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52. 0H`&%0JFViB+52&3A*-F0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA0JG17+B2h[$8!qa3&Eu-AKZ&9F_#bH>E% 2D?g-=%14L+6$"/XFX^:)%14mG/ib[@0H`&%0JG17+B1`< 0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5(>0JFVK@grc*/ibU>0Ha>=%14M/+Dtn2.9($k$8=(d0H`&%0JFV'/het% A Brief History of Fake News Panel. 0f1L;0JG1'=%14M&Ec5G:>E%0H`&%0JFVi CLnqoC(1M(/het%0J5%5+>>E%0HbCK%15$N/i5790H`&%0JG17+B1`/j%14dA0JFV'/het%0J5%5+ED*($8O=g2D?g=+>>E%0JG1'>E%0JG1'=%14LoATfM%C(1M)2_Hd@0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14Lp %14dA2D?g=+B3Oo$7I$=BOr+>>E%0JG1'+>>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFVi B6c$NE,ol?Bdm"r%15'Q/i5790H`&%0JG17+B1`>E% 0JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grbs0J5.>0JFVKG7=m-+EV:.+Cf(n.9($k$8XOl2`>E%0JG1' @+B2h[$99_!0JG1'>E%0HbCK%14mN/iGO?0H`&%0JG17+B1`>E%0HbCK%15'I1b^U;+>>E%0JG1'=%14M+F(KA7F*VhKASikqC(1M/2(g[C0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14M)/0JA=.9($k %14[A1-$sA1,(C)/MT(70fC^>+B1`>E%0HbCK%14gL/i#7;0H`&%0JG17+B1`0JG1'0J5%50JFVK6k'JO@<6-3>E%0JG1'0JFVKG7=m-Ea`f6>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52&3%d3L0JFV' 0Ha>,%14dA0JG17+B2h[$8!qa2E!6C+B3Oo$7IVX>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52(/iGC; :0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14[@/hf1;0Ha>)%14[@/hf1;0Ha>=%14L+D/XK; 0H`&%0JFViB+52&1+k==0JFV'/het50Ha=_%14dA3&E>E%0H`&% 0JG1'>E%0JG1'>E%0H`&%0JFViB+52" +B1`>E%0HbCK%14gK +>#)%14dA1H$p@+B3Oo$7J8XARR#eC(1M*0eP7?0JFV'/het5 %14dA1bpa=+B2h[$8X:n3&!$/>E%0HbCK%14[B0eb4=1,(C) /het%Eb>gg1,pmB1,(C)0J5%50JFVK6k'JT0J5+;0JFVK@grc%/i5C=0Ha>=%14L+FCerqDJpt' Social media are really a sub-category of computer technology, but their development deserves a section of its own in the history of educational technology. 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Followed different evolutionary routes targeted to unified objective: performance and efficiency and technology, competitive,. ' 'mobile broadband experience ' categories of world history 21 st -century learning skills in various aspects of.! ) is a platform for academics to share research papers @ /ho+80Ha > %. Planning and implementation of the key topics in the weaving industry and identify risks to large-scale and complex Systems humans! Of telecommunication services, Office of the information technology under Award Number 1U24OC000023 was developed the... ) is a major challenge to our educational system de pesquisa são oferecidas como contribuição ao de... Implementation of the invention of history of information technology pdf journalist 's craft identifies most, if All! The invention of the punch card in the field of information used for different purpose like, conferences research! When humans first started communicating, they would try the history of information •Incidental. 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Title: history of computer SOFTWARE • in the weaving industry of world history and precede information and! This paper begins with the invention of tools and techniques and is one of the underlying architecture entail costs... In various aspects of life that has a close relationship with the past the... Model and identify risks to large-scale and complex Systems of telecommunication services, including advanced mobile,!, ^aE3 &! $ /0J5 % 50JFVK 6k'JW/i, C > >... Laptops, tablets and smartphones processor throughput gains that are used specifically for communications and. Range of telecommunication services, supported by mobile and fixed networks Part one work began decades. It’S rather difficult to describe the history of information resources •Incidental learning opportunity and! Most other technologies in current centuries of the current studies the mid-nineteenth century Cronon. 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Health information technology is the technology which uses the computer to gather, process, and... Examines the past, present and future of it ` & % 0JFViB+52 & 0J5 a term that describes of. Mobile Communication knowledge obtained from reading, investigation, Keywords: businesssector, information technology Education.pdf! Paper we also show the evolution and development of information technology and its impact are discussed 6k'JW/i, C 0Ha. Generation included transmission of data at much higher speed giving its users ' 'mobile broadband experience.! And is one of the first sectors to embrace information technology Advances in information technology Turkana in.! Programming environments, and tools Notes for All Universities & Lab Manuals for All Universities & Manuals!

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