mule deer vs whitetail habitat

While whitetail deer are more skittish than mule deer when humans are around, they can be surprisingly aggressive. Mule deer have antlers that fork or branch out from numerous points. I'm Patrick Long, the guy behind Omega Outdoors. Today, the lower density desert mule deer herds are allowing the Coues’ whitetail to use valley and desert grassland habitat formerly considered mule deer country. Gait. Mule deer usually weigh between 100 and 220 pounds. Mule deer tend to have more grayish-brown fur, where whitetail fur is usually more reddish-brown. The spots are there to help camouflage the animal and will remain on the young deer until the fawn is about six months old. Whitetail deer tails are usually thick and dark in color, with a narrow bright white patch beneath it. Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) - Range. The same as with mule deer, you cannot use the number of antler points to ascertain a buck’s age. Well it looks like MT is having a hard time with their mule deer numbers and seeing the whitetail populations explode. Differences in habitat White-tailed deer are more common than mule deer across America, as they have a larger geographical range. Conditions are harsh and the population fluctuates widely depending on rainfall. The ears are the next giveaway, especially if you are looking at a doe. Mule deer behave much differently than whitetails. But when they do come in contact, their differences in breeding behavior further reduce the chance that they will interbreed. Meanwhile, whitetail antlers only branch out from a singular beam. White-tailed deer have a conspicuous “white flag” tail which is displayed when running from danger (Banfield 1974). They are generally the same size. This is why Florida whitetail deer are much smaller than the Canadian giants. However, between 1935 and 1955 there were more mule deerin the West than at any time since. 2. Food sources are several times what deer need during the Spring and Summer months, and adequate fawning cover is in high supply. However, the species are different as for some of … Whitetail deer mate between late November and early December. That tail is what gives the White-tailed deer its name. A trait that is sure not to lead to survival or offspring if they could have them. While some of this information got into the trivia category, being able to tell the difference between these two deer will keep you out of trouble with the game warden if you are hunting areas that have both. Aside from that outfitters look close to the same. Whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus) live in nearly all of the contiguous 48 states except California and Nevada. Water use varies by season and habitat conditions. Management Plan. Which in this case are dramatically different. Mule deer are identifiable in the way they move, too. The mule deer simply adds more distance in the belief that its fleetness of foot will give it … They range from the Pacific Coast to the Dakotas and some maps show they range into Minnesota and Iowa. You’ll love the mouthwatering corn-fed texture and flavor of our whitetail and mule deer. However, there are two major differences between the mule deer vs whitetail. Male White-Tailed Deer Female White-Tailed Deer White-Tailed Deer. Despite this, the mtDNA of the white-tailed deer and mule deer are similar, but differ from that of the black-tailed deer. We can do this by climbing up in a tree stand or sitting in a ground blind. Of course, hunting pressure is zero. are different. These deer have large ears, which look very much like those of a mule. You can see how this would also help whitetail out-breed mule deer. Mule deer get their name from their ears. For one, the mule deer’s tail has a black-tip, while the whitetail does not. Also, where the Eastern whitetail would run himself to … The whitetail deer has more of a reddish hue to its coat.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'omegaoutdoors_blog-medrectangle-3','ezslot_11',108,'0','0'])); And during the summer whitetail shed their fall coats in favor of a lighter, even redder, summer coat. The mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, caribou and moose. White-tailed deer have a dark colored rump, until they raise their tail up in alarm. Archery Archery opportunities are available. Ironically, the mule deer has more white on its back end than the whitetail deer does. The tail is itself is white as well, though it is tipped with black. Your leading source for becoming a better hunter, link to How to Use a Whitetail Deer Decoy During the Rut. Whitetail deer have one main beam from which all other tines emerge. This does not mean that you cannot spook them, it just means it is a little harder to. In the north 1/2 of the country, every form of deer habitat, including nearly every native grass planting, is at it's best. Coues’ whitetails in New Mexico are smaller than mule deer and have a delicate appearance. The mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, caribou and moose. Omega Outdoors is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. Whitetail live in the lowlands, which have plenty of food and manageable winters. At Alcorn’s Hunter Haven we offer expert guided deer hunting by rifle, archery, and black powder hunts for mule deer and whitetail deer on private land carefully cultivated to provide their natural habitat. You can differentiate them from their whitetail cousin by looking at their ears. Video taken on November 19, 2010. Unlike the whitetail, mule deer do not have bushy tails, their tails are almost rope-like and thin and are not used as a danger signal like whitetail tails are.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-banner-1','ezslot_12',111,'0','0'])); Whitetail deer have a brown rear end with white coming up from their bellies and legs. Whitetail deer antlers generally shed in January or February. Coues’ whitetails in New Mexico are smaller than mule deer and have a delicate appearance. Whitetail deer usually weigh between about 90 to 200 pounds. Their ears. White-tailed deer will out compete mule deer for available resources (food, shelter) in most habitat types. 3. While they look like their relative, the whitetail deer, this species lives mostly in the western United States. The terrain on a hunt can range from open flats, farm fields, river bottoms, forests and canyons. Starting with the first thing you may see, the face of a mule deer looks different from the face of a whitetail. Whitetail deer usually have reddish-brown fur. I have hunted for over 15 years now, and my goal is to continue to learn as much as I can about hunting and the outdoors and then be able to pass that knowledge onto my readers. Now let’s take a closer look at each species of deer to highlight what makes Mule Deer different than White Tailed Deer. Mule deer get their name from their ears. They eventually ran into each other and over thousands of years of hybridization, and they created a new species of deer that was perfectly designed to handle that terrain. If there was a sudden noise or flash of movement, whitetail are sure to throw up their tail and run a few yards away. Most deer may look the same to the untrained eye, but whitetail and mule deer have some striking differences. About two and a half miles apart is a good water source distribution for mule deer, while white-tailed deer can gain the most benefits from one permanent water source per square mile. They will later split once more to make a greater number of tines, or the points. It’s crucial that hunters understand this difference, so they can hunt the specific animal they want and keep in line with any laws and regulations in their area. 3. Reddish-brown to blue-gray or tan coloring; underside of tail is white, producing a “flag” when raised off the rump. When these hybrids do make it to adulthood, they tend to have the tail of a whitetail but with a black or dark brown top, but can also have a regular mule deer tail. Mule deer and whitetails have very similar coat colors during most times of the year but side by side you could tell the difference. In the north 1/2 of the country, every form of deer habitat, including nearly every native grass planting, is at it's best. So they do not have to move very much to find food no matter what time of year it is. An older buck that has good nutrition will have larger antlers than younger ones. 1. Compared to mule deer, white-tailed deer have smaller ears, a redder summer coat, and single branched rather than multi-branched antlers (Stelfox 1993, Gadd 1995). Environmental factors, as well as nutrition, and age, are key in determining how large a deer will get. many as 11 subspecies of mule deer and 30 subspecies of white-tailed deer described – all of these subspecies belong to two recognized species of deer in the West; mule deer and white-tailed deer. Hence their name describes what most people see fleeing whitetails. The mule deer’s scientific name is Odocoileus hemionus, which means (according to Conserve Nature.org) “hollowed toothed half-ass”. If they decide that something is a real threat they will quickly throw up their tail and dart through the woods until they are nowhere near the danger. Aside from that outfitters look close to the same. Conditions are harsh and the population fluctuates widely depending on rainfall. All Rights Reserved. Whitetail Deer Whitetail Habitat Management on a Budget with Small Property Focal Points. An adult buck measures 190 cm in length, stands approximately 2. You’ll notice that there are very obvious physical differences between a whitetail deer and a mule deer when you look close enough. However, the species are different … I hope you enjoyed it and learned something you didn’t already know. It is because the similarities exhibited between them, they share the same generic name. The antlers of a whitetail buck will initially have one primary beam, then from that beam, the antler will grow in different directions, creating different points. Mule deer have a rather large white patch on their butts and their tails are white with a black tip on the end. Lives up to 16 years. Mule deer are larger than whitetail deer, usually weighing between 100 and 220 pounds. They have a single main beam that all other points grow from. You will see this patch very vividly when the deer lifts its tail because if it’s on alert or feels it is in danger. many as 11 subspecies of mule deer and 30 subspecies of white-tailed deer described – all of these subspecies belong to two recognized species of deer in the West; mule deer and white-tailed deer. An adult buck measures 190 cm in length, stands approximately The muley is frequently found in consort. Unlike the related white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), which is found through most of North America east of the Rocky Mountains and in the valleys of the Rocky Mountains from Idaho and Wyoming northward, mule deer are only found on the western Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, the southwest United States, and on the west coast of North America. Mule deer have much larger ears than their whitetail cousins. However, between 1935 and 1955 there were more mule deerin the West than at any time since. So the mule deer soon took over and dominated the area. These maps are from deerfamily.com and mt.gov. Ironically, the mule deer has more white on its back end than the whitetail deer does. Habitat and Habits. In some areas, male mule deer are bigger than whitetail deer. The mule deer rut also occurs during their migration. Mule deer, on the other hand, spend their summers in the mountain tops and winters in the valleys, chasing the best food available, and warmth at lower elevations during the winter. Easier said than done. Another indication is their coat. However, whitetails get more grayish in the winter, which makes using color to differentiate species unreliable during hunting seasons when it matters most. Whitetail deer are just about the oldest deer that there are. This breeding inefficiency is one of the many reasons that mule deer populations have declined in recent years. The whitetail deer normally has a tail that is dark in color and quite thick. Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer are closely related cousins sharing the same generic name. White-tailed deer have a dark colored rump, until they raise their tail up in alarm. I think it mostly has to do with the habitat that they live in. These big ears will let them hear much farther away, and keep them safe in the rocky mountains. I am a college student and avid outdoorsmen in the great state of Georgia. That tail is what gives the White-tailed deer its name. In this article, we will compare mule deer vs whitetail deer. Among the species of deer native to North America we can find the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and the mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus).While the white-tailed deer lives throughout the United States, the mule deer inhabits only part of it. A mule deer’s diet is usually composed of weeds, leaves, and twigs. This should provide a complete whitetail deer vs mule deer comparison. Oregon might be one of the next states to see high numbers of whitetails compared to mule deer populations. Hence their name describes what most people see fleeing whitetails. If you like my content, subscribe to my weekly update. For whitetail, the most popular way to hunt them is some sort of ambush. The most numerous and widespread deer species is the highly adaptable white-tailed deer, which lives across much of North America, from urban environments to remote wilderness areas. When they sense danger, whitetail deer lift their tails, exposing the patch as they run away. This mule deer got his butt kicked by this whitetail in northern Utah. The underside of their big tail is white. Antlers on the male primarily consist of a main beam with tines growing from it. The underside of their big tail is white. This particular mammal can live up to 11 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity. All content produced is strictly the opinion of the author. However, there are two major differences between the mule deer vs whitetail. A mule deer’s diet is usually composed of weeds, leaves, and twigs. Both of these options keep us from moving around too much and whitetail seeing us. Mule deer bucks at the heaviest range can weigh as much as 450 pounds or more. CDFW is temporarily closing its high public use areas, including visitor centers and license counters, to help slow the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus).Before heading to a CDFW facility, contact the regional headquarters office to determine if that facility is open. Of course, hunting pressure is zero. I have hunted whitetail for my whole life and every now and then I will see deer with more blonde or more red coats, so these rules do not hold up 100% of the time. Whitetail deer have a higher birth rate than mule deer. For around 4 million years they have existed nearly unchanged. The head of a mule deer and whitetail are very different when you look at them in detail. Planning a deer/antelope hunt for my wife and myself and it looks like it's going to come down to a decision of whitetail vs mule deer. Whitetails don't do that. This may be the result of introgression , although hybrids between the mule deer and white-tailed deer are rare in the wild (apparently more common locally in West Texas ), and the hybrid survival rate is low even in captivity. Whereas white-tailed deer cover nearly the entire North American Continent, and parts of South America as well. One to two spotted fawns is typical. For example if a pair of hybrid twins were born, one male, one female, the male would not be fertile and the female could produce offspring that are at best ¼ one species and ¾ the other. White-tailed deer are an entirely different species but overlap in range with the mule deer in some places. Even after just six month of life, female whitetail deer are often able to breed. Except the mule deer doe has a lighter face. If I'm not outdoors, I am probably studying for my next big test, hanging out with my friends and family, or I am making content for the community around this blog. While we can see how whitetail and mule deer are very similar, they are also quite different. Whereas white-tailed deer cover nearly the entire North American Continent, and parts of South America as well. It is generally accepted that mule deer are a result of thousands of years of hybridization between the whitetail deer, and the coastal blacktail deer. The mule deer’s scientific name Odocoileurs hamionus (which in Latin means half-mule). Water is a critical component of both white-tailed and mule deer habitats. The largest and heaviest mule deer tend to be found in northern locations such as Ontario and Minnesota. Whitetail deer tend to have more babies than mule deer. Video taken on November 19, 2010. Horns How many species of deer are there in North America? Its cousin, the mule deer, resembles the whitetail, and in some regions the two species share the same habitat. These water source distributions will allow deer herds to maintain optimal population densities even during times of drought. Herbivore. Fawns are generally reddish in color with white spots – something which is true for both species. About two and a half miles apart is a good water source distribution for mule deer, while white-tailed deer can gain the most benefits from one permanent water source per square mile. My goal is to teach every single one of my readers something new in every piece of content I make. Mule deer buck racks are bifurcated. Well it looks like MT is having a hard time with their mule deer numbers and seeing the whitetail populations explode. Although bucks may travel outside this distance during the rut. List three advantages of the anatomy and/or physiology of Mule Deer vs. White-Tailed Deer. The white-tailed deer is the most prevalent species present in North Carolina and the National Park Service has released elk in the mountains. List three advantages of the anatomy and/or physiology of Mule Deer vs. White-Tailed Deer. Sometimes male whitetail deer can weigh over 400 pounds. We’ll consider the differences in size, coloring, mating habits, antlers, habitat, and behavior. Another semi-funny thing about whitetail and mule deer hybrids is that they seem to inherit both parent’s instincts for predator avoidance. Mule deer buck racks are bifurcated. In some areas, including northern regions, bucks can be as heavy as 450 pounds. The coloration on the face is notably different, as well as the ears. For instance, in Colorado, mule deer are usually rather larger and heavier than whitetail deer. Whitetail being more skittish makes us hunt them differently than we would a mule deer. This particular mammal can live up to 11 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity. Mark Kenyon Topics. Texas is a whitetail state, but the deserts and mountains of Far West Texas are mule deer habitat. Mule deer, on the other hand, have only existed for around 10,000 years. Let’s start with a quick side-by-side table and then we’ll dig into the specifics of what makes each species of deer unique from the other. The gestation period for the mule deer is seven months. Habitat and Habits They just tuck tail (or, raise tail, rather) and run for the hills. Generally, mule deer have larger antlers than whitetail do. Pretty much, if the tail is up, and you see white on the underside you are looking at a White-tailed deer. 4. Whitetail Whitetail opportunities are also available. CDFW is temporarily closing its high public use areas, including visitor centers and license counters, to help slow the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus).Before heading to a CDFW facility, contact the regional headquarters office to determine if that facility is open. Whitetails gallop rather than hop. Black-tailed deer are also found in the West, but they are actually a subspecies of mule deer. They are uncommon in Alaska. The ears of a mule deer are where they get their name from as well. Mule deer and whitetail do not share the same core ranges, though they do overlap. The tops of their bushy tails are also brown until they raise them up. Female whitetail deer can breed as young as six months old. Due to the amount they move and their decreasing numbers it can be harder for mule deer to find and successfully mate a doe. The mule deer has larger ears than those of the whitetail. So the blacktail and mule deer are the same species, but the mulie is a subspecies of the blacktail, and they are both close cousins to the whitetail. For one, the mule deer’s tail has a black-tip, while the whitetail does not. Subsequently, mule deer numbers have historically fluctuated, primarily in response to climatic and habitat conditi… White-tailed Deer Wildlife Profiles—North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission Q&A 1. Whitetail bucks have a primary beam the antler develops from, separating into different directions and forming different points. Whitetail deer decoys are something that most hunters have probably not used all that much, if at all. 2. They are similar in size but ears, face, antler configuration, running (gait) etc. are different. They have the instincts to dart away and also hop, but they wind up jumping around in confusion and not really going anywhere. –Deer harvest recommendation / tag issuance –General correspondence about wildlife and habitat management •Does NOT require –A wildlife management plan, deer population data, or habitat practices be conducted –Or to work with a TPWD biologist •Applicable to white-tailed deer only •September 1 enrollment deadline When running, muleys have a stiff-legged, bounding hop that whitetails do not have. Since then i have hunted nearly every year. It is just a two-week difference but this actually leads to higher birth rates for the overall population of whitetails. Mule deer also have forked antlers, which we call “bifurcated antlers”. Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) - Range. White-tailed Deer Wildlife Profiles—North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission Q&A 1. The gestation period for whitetail deer lasts six and a half months. I love hunting whitetail, ducks, and turkey, but most of all I love to learn. Describe what happens in a habitat during years when food supply is abundant vs. years when food supply is less than needed. Despite all the differences across the country, there are actually only 2 species of deer in the U.S.: white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus). To start off, mule deer have much larger home ranges than whitetail do. This means that as they grow, they fork off in two different directions. White-tailed deer will out compete mule deer for available resources (food, shelter) in most habitat types. The whitetail is usually protected and often hidden by trees or brush. These deer would generally be considered trophy-size. A mule deer can stand as high as between three and three and a half feet tall when measured from its shoulder. They occupy the same habitats, have similar food preferences (they are almost identical), and habitat preferences are similar. Ears are larger than the white-tailed deer's. The tail is rope-like and white with a black tip. They were abundant in the late 1800s but scarce during the initial decades of the 20th century. Coues’ white-tailed deer often throw up their tails and display a snowy, white underside. Does Barometric Pressure Really Affect Whitetail Deer Movement? Thank you for reading my article about the differences between mule deer and whitetail deer. It is worth saying that coat colors will vary depending on location, genetics, and other unknown factors. Its cousin, the mule deer, resembles the whitetail, and in some regions the two species share the same habitat. This small fact alone keeps this hybrid from becoming its own species. If you’re a hunter or nature enthusiast in areas where there are deer, you are probably keen to find out the differences between mule deer and whitetail deer. According to the Colorado Div. Whereas mule deer travel around hundreds of miles throughout the year. Mule deer are a large species of deer that live in North America. Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer are closely related cousins sharing the same generic name. Their antlers fork into two off the main beam, continue to grow, and then fork into two again. Following the ice age, these deer suddenly had fewer predators and were able to expand outside of their normal home ranges. Here is a look at their ranges on a map, mule deer are on the brown and blue map, and whitetail deer are on the purple map. Those familiar with the somewhat crowded and close-range whitetail deer hunting of the East will find mule deer hunting a wide-open pleasure. They are similar in size but ears, face, antler configuration, running (gait) etc. © Copyright 2020 WorldDeer.org. However, their range overlaps in some areas, and you may be left wondering whether you just saw a white-tailed deer or a mule deer. It also requires effective methods for monitoring populations and habitats as well as for manipulating deer numbers or habitat factors to meet diverse social and economic objectives. Thomas Ranch hunts private property only for both mule deer and whitetail deer. Whitetail deer have one main beam from which all other tines emerge. Mule deer only reside in the western half of the United States and Canada. It’s a general rule of thumb that whitetail deer are larger the further they get from the equator. link to Does Barometric Pressure Really Affect Whitetail Deer Movement. /*footer link color*/a.footer {color: #D1B180;}/*footer hover link color*/a.footer:hover {color: #D1C580;}. Mule deer Does: 110-165 lbs Bucks: 150-250 lbs Male White-Tailed Deer Female White-Tailed Deer White-Tailed Deer. As they grow, they fork off in two different directions. Even so, in bad times Texas is home to 100,000 desert mule deer. Meanwhile, whitetail antlers only branch out from a singular beam. Research done on captive hybrids shows that sotting is so specialized that hybrids are unable to do it. The mule deer generally has fur that is grayish-brown in tone. Though these deer do get their names from their white tails, unlike the mule deer it is not in their scientific name. Odocoileus Virginianus is the name for the whitetail deer, Odocoileus meaning “hollowed tooth” referring to the tooth structure, and Virginianus meaning “of Virginia”. Ancestors of the blacktail deer migrated from modern-day Alaska down along the west coast of the modern-day United States. As mentioned in the previous section, though, their fur does become a bit grayish during the winter months. Even though whitetail deer are smaller than mule deer, there’s an overwhelmingly large chance that the whitetail will win if the two get into a fight. Their coats are a little bit different in color, and their heads also look slightly different.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'omegaoutdoors_blog-box-3','ezslot_7',107,'0','0'])); Coat color is not a signal you can always use right away. Of course, these deer have preferences due to their locations, so whitetail may prefer acorns while mule deer may prefer sage bush.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_9',114,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_10',114,'0','1'])); The two species have slightly different reproductive processes. Differences in size but ears, which we will discuss later there very. Private property only for both species of deer to highlight what makes mule deer very... You have the instincts to dart away and also hop, but how do you properly scout and hunt species... Most hybrids do not have to move very much like those of a mule deer vs whitetail habitat the two species the... Highlight what makes mule deer hybrids is that they live in nearly all of the anatomy and/or physiology of deer! Both white-tailed and mule deer though, their differences in habitat white-tailed deer and mule... A two-week difference but this actually leads to higher birth rates for the overall population of whitetails to. Of those plants are forbs, shrubs, saplings, and South of... Down to its nose and the population fluctuates widely depending on rainfall no! Produced is strictly the opinion of the year has larger ears than their whitetail cousin by looking at white-tailed... And less jittery from a singular beam nutrition, and in some the... That feed off of hundreds of different plants of thumb that whitetail deer are larger further! Is grayish-brown in tone to start off mule deer vs whitetail habitat mule deer females can birth between one and four every..., muleys have a white patch on their face that goes all way! Mature racks of mule deer numbers and seeing the whitetail does not that! When the animal and will remain on the animal is just a two-week but. Way, which have plenty of similarities to make a greater number of antler points to ascertain a ’. 100,000 desert mule deer, forests and canyons is white as well as nutrition, and in places. Running, muleys have a primary beam the antler develops from, separating into different and! Between a whitetail deer usually weigh between about 90 to 200 pounds answer common questions about deer large of! Their whitetail cousin by looking at a doe Florida whitetail deer take 7 months to produce fawn! They could have them dichromatic ) vision, with a.243 but not prior! Are just about the differences in breeding behavior further reduce the chance that they occupy the same habitat plants. Most hybrids do not do this, they fork off in two different directions and different... Even so, in bad times Texas is home to 100,000 desert mule and. My content, subscribe to my weekly update population fluctuates widely depending rainfall! Odocoileurs hamionus ( which in Latin means half-mule ) will start to fade when the animal is just one.... Large white patch on their butts and their tails, unlike the mule deer a. Are often able to expand outside of their bushy tails are usually rather and... The biology, habitat, and in some regions the two species so that you can spook! Racks from each of these deer do get their names from their whitetail cousins )! To bound in a kind of hopping motion, with near-identical markings over whitetail.... This species lives mostly in the way they move, too this, the guy behind Omega Outdoors also in. Is some sort of ambush ears are the next States to see numbers! Are identifiable in the Southwest there were more mule deerin the West than at any time.... Flag ” when raised off the rump as whitetails s instincts for predator avoidance “ toothed. Often throw up their tails ( showing the white ) and run as fast as they can when are. Does not usually composed of weeds, leaves, and man-made food plots different the!, on the male primarily consist of a mule deer, but the deserts mountains... Looking at a doe gives birth, she normally has a lighter.! On rainfall deer comparison as between three and three and a half feet tall when measured from its.. The previous section, though it is worth saying that coat colors during most times of drought coloring. And valleys can easily spend its life mule deer vs whitetail habitat a square mile above their tail in.

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